I recently came across this study from BAT and Sweden’s Lund University, which examines nicotine uptake rates across various forms of tobacco and nicotine gum. Although dipping tobacco and nasal snuff were not included in the study, I imagine dip to have a graph similar to snus, and nasal snuff to resemble cigarettes.
The findings to go along with the chart were the following:
- Cigarettes produced a rapid, but transient, nicotine spike. Peak blood nicotine levels of around 12 nanograms (ng) per milliliter (ml) were seen seven minutes after starting to smoke, followed by a steep decline.
- Snus produced similar nicotine levels much more slowly, but they stayed higher longer. The products produced varying nicotine levels (~ 10-17 ng/ml) that correlated with their nicotine concentrations; the peak occurred one hour after placement. Subsequent declines were also slower; after two hours, nicotine levels ranged from 7 to 12 ng/ml.
- Nicotine gum produced low blood nicotine levels much more slowly. The peak (8 ng/ml) at 45 minutes was similar to the cigarette level that had declined by one-third.
The methods of the study were as follows:
Dr. Digard provided 20 Swedish dual users of snus and cigarettes with two loose and two pouched snus products with different nicotine levels; nicotine gum; and a cigarette, over the course of six sessions. Snus was placed in the upper lip for one hour only and not moved; the cigarette was smoked ad lib for 5 minutes or until reaching a prescribed length; the gum was chewed every 2 seconds for 30 minutes, with juices swallowed once every minute.
As someone who has used all of the products (with the exception of nicotine gum), I feel that it is pretty accurate to my experiences. Personally, I enjoy using snus the most because I don’t need to spit, yet at the same time I feel that I have a much longer lasting nicotine buzz than I would with cigarettes. I can also use snus indoors, and don’t need to worry about having to go out in the rain or the cold to enjoy a good nicotine buzz.